Located in the northeast of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Guilin is considered one of the most beautiful cultural cities with a long history in China. With an elevation of 150 metres, the city has a total area of 2,000 square
kilometres and a population of 685,000 people.
The city of Guilin was founded in the Qin Dynasty in 314 BC as a small settlement on the Lijiang River. It became increasingly important following the construction of a canal joining the river with another further north, providing a transport link with the Yangzi. The imperial court could thus send food and provisions by water from the Yangzi plains to its armies in the far south. The town became the provincial capital in the Ming Dynasty, and remained so until 1914, when the capital was moved to Nanning.
Since the founding of the People's Republic in 1949, Guilin has developed a fledging industry, producing a variety of products such as pharmaceutical goods, tires, machinery, fertilizers and silk. From its noted profusion of flowering cassia trees, which have a strong sweet scent, it produces a number of specialties including perfume, wine, tea, cinnamon, and herbal medicine.
Guilin, standing in the middle of a karts region, features a typical karts landscape. Characteristics of Guilin scenery are its oddly-shaped solitary hills rising out of flat ground, transparent waters winding through the region, intricate caves in various shapes and exquisite stones. Hence the popular saying -the mountains and water of Guilin are the finest under heaven-.